Plantar fasciitisis a common cause of foot pain. The plantar fascia is the tough band which supports the arch of the foot, and runs from the heel to the bases of the toes, along the sole of the foot. Plantar fasciitis results in pain on weight bearing when getting out of bed in the morning. It is relatively easy to diagnose and can be self-managed although takes time to settle.
Lateral ligament injury – another common injury, also known as ‘’rolling the ankle’’. This is easily done during activity, whether it be sport or twisting the ankle on an uneven surface. Pain is felt on the outside of the ankle. If you are able to walk on it (weight bear) after the injury self- management is usually successful. If you are unable to weight bear, you should seek advice to ensure you get correct treatment as an X-ray may be indicated. Without proper rehab this can be a persistent injury.
Achilles tendinopathy – This commonly results from overuse of the Achilles tendon so is commonest in runners. It results in pain and stiffness, often worst first thing on getting out of bed. If you think the tendon has “snapped” – resulting in sudden, severe pain, and often associated with a loud snap or crack, you should seek urgent medical attention
Morton’s neuroma, or Morton’s metatarsalgia. One of the nerves in the foot becomes thickened which irritates and compresses the nerve It results in pain at the base of the toes and ball of the foot. Sometimes feels like a pebble in the shoe. It may start as a tingling sensation between the toes.
Bunion (hallux valgus)– This is a deformity in the bone at the base of the big toe, which causes the big toe to bend towards the other toes, resulting in a painful, swollen bony lump on the outside of the foot (the bunion). Often worsened by pressure from shoes.
Tibialis Posterior Dysfunction – This condition causes pain on the inside of the ankle, behind the bony prominence (medial malleolus). It is more common in those over 50 or with flat feet. It causes pain in the affected area, usually with increase in weight bearing activity. It is important to treat it to reduce both symptoms and risk of tendon rupture which can occur if it is left untreated for a prolonged period.
Gout– The big toe is the most commonly affected joint, although other joints may also be involved. Crystals form inside the joint, and cause often severe pain, swelling and redness often coming on quickly overnight. Initial management targets symptom relief, so try using painkillers such as ibuprofen, and cold packs. Other medications such as steroids are sometimes needed. To prevent future attacks, lifestyle modifications such as weight loss (if needed) help, as well as longer-term medications such as allopurinol prescribed by your GP. There is a link between gout and heart disease so it is important not to ignore it but seek medical advice.